Subhanallah…Disinilah tempat Nabi Muhammad saw dilahirkan, Cari Tahu Kisah Lengkapnya

Disinilah tempat Nabi Muhammad saw dilahirkan, Cari Tahu Kisah Lengkapnya
Disinilah tempat Nabi Muhammad saw dilahirkan, Cari Tahu Kisah Lengkapnya

Nabi Muhammad SAW dilahirkan di kota Mekkah, pada hari senin, tanggal 12 Robiul Awal/bulan mulud, tahun Gajah, bertepatan dengan tanggal 20 April 571 Masehi. Dilahirkan dirumah pamannya Abu Thalib dalam keadaan yatim, karena ayahnya Abdullah bin Abdul Muthalib telah meninggal dunia 7 bulan sebelum Nabi Muhammad dilahirkan. Ibunya bernama Aminah binti Wahab berasal dari kota Madinah.

Kakeknya Abdul Muthalib sangat gembira ketika mendengar kelahiran cucunya, kemudian beliau membawa cucunya thawaf mengelilingi ka’bah dan dibawa masuk kedalamnya, lalu diberi nama Muhammad, yang artinya terpuji.

Sebelum kelahiran Nabi Muhammad SAW, datang pasukan bergajah dari Negeri Yaman yang dipimpin oleh Abrahah, ingin menghancurkan ka’bah, sehingga tahun kelahiran Nabi Muhammad SAW dinamakan tahun Gajah. Ketika pasukan gajah memasuki kota Mekkah, dipertengahan jalan mereka diserang oleh serombongan burung Ababil yang diutus Allah SWT, masing-masing burung membawa tiga batu, satu batu diparuhnya dan dua batu dikakinya, kemudian batu itu dijatuhkan kepasukan Abrahah, hancurlah pasukan Abrahah, selamatlah ka’bah dari kehancuan atas pertolongan Allah SWT. Nabi Muhammad SAW adalah keturunan suku Quraisy yang sangat berpengaruh dikota Mekkah bahkan diseluruh Jazirah Arab.

Nabi Muhammad SAW disusui oleh ibunya selama 3 hari lalu disusukan kepada Tsuwaibah, budak perempuan Abu Lahab yang sudah dimerdekakan, kemudian Nabi Muhammad SAW dikembalikan lagi kepada ibunya. Pada suatu hari datanglah Halimah Sa’diyah binti Abi Dzuaib isteri Harits bin Abdul Uzza (Abu Kabsyah) berasal dari bani Sa’ad kabilah Hawazin yang terletak antara kota Mekkah dan kota Thaif (60 km) sebelah timur kota Mekkah, kerumah Aminah ibunda Rasulullah SAW, ia ingin menyusukan putranya. Aminah pun menyerahkan Nabi Muhammad kepada Halimah Sa’diyah. Pada suatu hari ketika Nabi Muhammad dan anak-anak Halimah Sa’diyah sedang mengembala kambing tiba-tiba datang dua malaikat berpakaian putih memegang Nabi Muhammad, lalu membaringkan dan membelah dadanya, membuang sifat-sifat yang kotor lalu menggantikannya dengan sifat yang bersih. Setelah itu mereka meninggalkan Nabi Muhammad yang masih berbaring. Melihat peristiwa itu anak-anak Halimah Sa’diyah berlari memberi tahu ibunya. Kemudian Halimah dan suaminya datang dan menghampiri Nabi Muhammad ingin menanyakan peristiwa yang baru dialami, Nabi Muhammad menceritakan peristiwa tersebut dari awal sampai akhir.

Setelah kejadian itu, Halimah Sa’diyah dan suaminya sangat khawatir akan keselamatan Nabi Muhammad, oleh karena itu beliau dikembalikan kepada ibunya sambil menceritakan kejadian yang pernah dialaminya. Setelah mendengar cerita Halimah Sa’diyah, Aminah bertanya : apakah khawatir, lalu kalian diganggu setan ? Halimah menjawab : ya ! benar, Aminah berkata lagi : tidak, demi Allah setan tidak akan mengganggunya, anakku kelak kan menjadi manusia besar. Kemudian Aminah menceritakan ketika putranya dalam kandungannya, kata Aminah : ketauhilah ketika ia masih dalam kandungan ku, aku bermimpi melihat cahaya terang keluar dari diriku, menyinari istana-istana Bushra di Negeri Syam. Demi Allah, selama aku hamil sama sekali tidak pernah merasa berat. Ketika lahir ia meletakkan tangannya ditanah, sedang kepalanya menengadah kelangit.

Setelah 5 tahun dalam asuhan Halimah Sa’diyah, dengan berat hati Nabi Muhammad dikembalikan kepangkuan ibunya. Sewaktu Nabi Muhammad berumur 6 tahun, ibunya mengajak beliau pergi ke Kota Yasrib/Madinah untuk berziarah kemakam ayahnya serta mengunjungi keluarganya yang berada dikota Madinah. Dikota Madinah ibunya memperlihatkan rumah tempat ayahnya dirawat ketika sakit sampai meninggal dunia dan memperlihatkan tempat ayahnya dimakamkan. Betapa haru hati Nabi Muhammad ketika mendengar cerita tentang ayahnya.

Nabi Muhammad bersama ibunya tinggal dikota Madinah selama 1 bulan, kemudian kembali kekota Mekkah. Dalam perjalanan pulang, didesa Abwa kira-kira 36 km (sebelah selatan kota Madinah) ibunya jatuh sakit sehingga wafat dan dikuburkan ditempat itu. Setelah ibunya dikuburkan Nabi Muhammad dibawa pulang kekota Mekkah oleh Ummu Aiman, seorang budak peninggalan ayahnya. Dalam perjalanan pulang kekota Mekkah, beliau sangat sedih, karena ditinggalkan oleh ayah dan ibunya, terasa olehnya hidup yang makin sepi dan makin sedih. Baru beberapa hari beliau mendengar cerita ibunya tentang ayahnya yang wafat ketika beliau dalam kandungan. Namun semua musibah yang menimpa dirinya dihadapi dengan penuh kesabaran. Setelah sampai dikota Mekkah. Ummu Aiman menyerahkan Nabi Muhammad kepada kakeknya Abdul Muthalib. Beliaulah yang mengasuh dan mendidik Nabi Muhammad sepeninggal ibunya. Namun baru saja berselang 2 tahun, kakeknya meninggal dunia dalam usia 80 tahun, ketika itu Nabi Muhammad berusia 8 tahun.

Sepeninggal kakeknya Nabi Muhammad diasuh oleh pamannya Abu Thalib. Ini sesuai dengan wasiat kakeknya sewaktu masih hidup. Abu Thalib adalah salah seorang paman Nabi Muhammad yang tergolong miskin dan mempunyai banyak anak. Tatkala Nabi Muhammad ada dalam asuhannya. Allah SWT memberkahinya sehingga kehidupannya berkecukupan[1]

Putra-Putri Nabi Muhammad SAW.

Wajib bagi setiap orang islam yang mukallaf ( baligh, berakal, sampai da’wah, sehat panca indra yakni tidak tuli dan buta ), mengetahui keturunan Nabi Muhammad saw dari Ayahnya dan dari Ibunya sampai Sayyidina ‘Adnan. Adapun setelahnya tidak wajib, bahkan menurut Imam Malik makruh hukumnya.[2]

Adapun keturunan Nabi Muhammad saw dari Ayahnya adalah Sayyidina Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Abdul Muthalib bin Hasyim bin Abdu Manaf bin Qushoy bin Kilab bin Murroh bin Ka’ab bin Luai bin Gholib bin Fihir bin Malik bin Nadhor bin Kinanah bin Khuzaimah bin Mudrikah bin Ilyas bin Mudhor bin Nizzar bin Ma’ad bin Adnan ( Sayyidina Adnan ini ada pada zaman Nabi Musa as). Adapun keturunan Nabi Muhammad saw. dari Ibunya adalah Sayyidina Muhammad bin Aminah binti Wahab bin Abdu Manaf bin Zahroh bin Kilab.

Keturunan Nabi Muhammad saw. dari Ayah dan Ibunya sampai Nabi Adam as. dan Ibu Hawa, semuanya Mu’min, ini sesuai dengan sabda Nabi Muhammad saw, yang artinya “ saya berasal dari shulbi yang suci, ke rahim yang suci semuanya “.

Adapun Putra – Putri Nabi Muhammad SAW. Menurut qaol shohih adalah :

1. Sayyidina Qosim ( umurnya 1 tahun 5 bulan )

2. Sayyidatuna Zainab ( putri Nabi yang paling besar )

3. Sayyidatuna Ruqayyah ( putri Nabi yang paling cantik )

4. Sayyidatuna Fatimah Azzahro

5. Sayyidatuna Ummu Kultsum

6. Sayyidina Abdullah

7. Sayyidina Ibrohim ( umurnya 2 bulan 10 hari )

Putra dan Putri Nabi Muhammad semuanya dari Siti Khodijah, kecuali Sayyidina Ibrohim dari Siti Mariyah Al-qibthi.

Semoga bermanfaat dan menginspirasi kita semua

Bagikan info ini jika anda sayang kepada Rasul dan ingin menjadi bagian umatnya yang di sayangi oleh rasulullah….insya Allah

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