SUBHANALLAH, Jogja Nomor Satu Sebagai Kota Islami Se – Indonesia

TOLONGSHARE.COM – Maarif Institute melakukan penelitian untuk menilai Indeks Kota Islami (IKI). Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 29 kota di Indonesia dan menghasilkan IKI yang berbeda di tiap kota.

“Kami melakukan penelitian dengan mengambil sampel 29 kota di Indonesia, penelitian ini memakan waktu lama, 1 tahun,” kata Direktur Riset Maarif Institute Ahmad Imam Mujadid Rais dalam paparannya di Hotel Alia Cikini, Jakarta Pusat dikutip dari detik, Selasa 17 Mei 2016.

Ke-29 kota yang dijadikan sampel dinilai melalui variabel aman suatu kota, hal yang diperhatikan diantaranya kebebasan beragama dan keyakinan, perlindungan hukum, kepemimpinan dan pemenuhan hak politik perempuan, hak anak dan difabel.

Selanjutnya variabel sejahtera memperhatikan tingkat pendidikan, pekerjaan, pendapatan, kesehatan. Dan variabel bahagia dinilai melalui berbagi dan kesetiakawanan dan harmoni dengan alam.

Dari penelitian tersebut, menghasilkan nilai Indeks Kota Islam yang variatif. Berikut nilai IKI ke-29 kota dari peringkat tertinggi. Berikut daftarnya:

1. Yogyakarta – 80.64

2. Bandung – 80.64

3. Denpasar – 80.64

4. Bengkulu – 78.40

5. Pontianak – 78.14

6. Serang – 77.82

7. Metro – 77.50

8. Semarang – 75.58

9. Palembang – 74.36

10. Malang – 73.72

11. Ambon – 73.53

12. Surakarta – 72.66

13. Salatiga – 71.22

14. Mataram – 70.71

15. Manado – 70.10

16. Batam – 69.94

17. Surabaya – 69.74

18. Tasikmalaya – 69.65

19. Banda Aceh – 69.62

20. Jayapura – 68.53

21. Banjarmasin – 66.79

22. Palu – 66.15

23. Pangkalpinang – 65.71

24. Jambi – 63.91

25. Tangerang – 61.99

26. Padang Panjang – 61.67

27. Kupang – 59. 39

28. Padang – 58.37

29. Makassar 51.28

Penelitian ini, lanjut Rais, berangkat dari pemahaman islam sebagai agama rahmat. Dia mengatakan agama rahmat yang dimaksud adalah Islam sebagai agama harus membawa perubahan berupa kebaikan bagi yang lain.

“Berdasarkan itu kami dalam rapat internal dan mengundang expert, lakukan kajian-kajian. Kami definisikan bahwa kota islami adalah kota yang aman, sejahtera, dan bahagia,” ungkap Rais.

Penelitian yang dilakukan mulai 8 Januari – 31 Maret 2016 ini memakai metode obyektif dan subyektif. Untuk menilai variabel aman suatu kota, hal yang diperhatikan diantaranya kebebasan beragama dan keyakinan, perlindungan hukum, kepemimpinan dan pemenuhan hak politik perempuan, hak anak dan difabel.

Penentuan sampel kota dalam penelitian ini berdasarkan pertimbangan penelitian, yaitu kota tersebut merupakan ibukota dari suatu provinsi dan atau merupakan kota utama. Penelitian ini melakukan penarikan sampel dengan menggunakan teori non-probability sampling, yaitu dengan teknik purposive sampling (judgment sampling). Purposive Sampling adalah teknik penarikan sampel yang dilakukan berdasarkan karakteristik yang telah ditetapkan terhadap elemen populasi target yang disesuaikan dengan tujuan atau masalah.

Ada pun untuk metode menggunakan komposit dua tipe data, yaitu:

1. Data obyektif berupa data sekunder (secondary data) terdiri dari beberapa dokumen resmi dan terpublikasi dari beberapa instansi terkait tahun 2014.

2. Data persepsi atau subyektif (primer data) diperoleh melalui wawancara tatap muka (face to face interview) dengan narasumber yang dipilih melalui kriteria ketat sesuai  keahlian maupun memiliki informasi luas terkait indikator-indikator yang akan diukur. Wawancara ini  menggunakan kuesioner yang disusun secara terstruktur (Structured Interview).

“Sehingga kota dengan tingkat keislaman paling tinggi ada Yogyakarta, Bandung dan Denpasar dengan nilai IKI 80.64 , peringkat selanjutnya Bengkulu, Pontianak dan Serang nilai IKI 78.14, dan paling rendah Kupang, Padang dan Makassar dengan IKI 51.28,” urai Rais.

“Tapi ini bukan berarti kota tersebut rendah keislamannya, ini kan progresif, perkembangannya. Penelitian ini sesuai dengan data pada tahun 2014,” tutupnya.  (kk)

Penjelasan Maarif Institute Terkait Hasil Indeks Kota Islami

Maarif Institute sudah resmi mengumumkan 29 kota dengan tingkat Indeks Kota Islami (IKI) yang bervariasi. Tiga kota dengan nilai IKI tertinggi adalah Denpasar, Bandung dan Yogyakarta dengan IKI sama yaitu 80.64.

“Konteksnya di sini, universal nilai-nilai peradaban yang cukup tinggi yang dinilai dari pendidikan yang baik, kesehatan, kemudian kepemimpinan yang transparan,” kata Direktur Riset Maarif Institute Ahmad Imam Mujadid Rais usai mengumumkan 29 kota IKI di Hotel Alia Cikini, Jakarta Pusat, Selasa (17/5/2016).

“Kalaupun Denpasar penduduknya banyak Hindu, apakah kemudian bisa disebut Islami dari sisi nilai-nilai? Saya kira iya,” imbuh dia.

Rais mengatakan, konteks Islam dalam penelitian ini merujuk pada kota dan bukan perilaku masyarakatnya. Dia menekankan, pemahaman Islami ini bukan berarti harus orang Islam.

“Penduduk satu kota mayoritas non Muslim, andaikata dia menggunakan, punya program atau kebijakan yang berhubungan terhadap nilai-nilai Islam saya kira itu sah-sah saja memiliki skor yang cukup tinggi,” jelas Rais.

Maarif Institute mengadakan penelitian Indeks Kota Islami yang melibatkan 29 kota. Penelitian ini dilakukan mengacu pada data tahun 2014 dari Kemendagri.

“Kita minta izin dan dapat data tahun 2014 dari Kemendagri. Kita gunakan semuanya (data), mulai data-data ketersediaan di BPS, data-data di Perda, kita konfirmasi BPS daerah. Kita datang ke kepolisian untuk data angka kriminal,” urai Rais.

Rais sendiri mengatakan, kendala dalam penelitian ini adalah data yang sulit untuk diupdate. “Bisa cek sendiri di lapangan, data tahun 2014 itu baru keluar 2016. Coba bayangkan data 2016 keluar tahun berapa?” tuturnya. (dtk)

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